|Coat of arms: represents a shield, on which in chess order the 25 red and white squares. On top of the shield is decorated with a stylized crown consisting of five links in the form of historical emblems of Croatia, the Republic of Dubrovnik, Istria, Dalmatia and Slavonia. The coat of arms has been known since the time of the independent Croatian Kingdom (XI century).||Flag: is a rectangular cloth of three equal horizontal stripes: upper-red, middle-white and lower — blue; with the coat of arms of the Republic of Croatia in the middle. The ratio of the flag width to its length is 1:2.|
Anthem: “Our beautiful homeland” (“Lijepa naša domovino”) — the national anthem of Croatia.
Official language: Croatian.
Geographical location: the Republic of Croatia is a country in the South-Eastern part of Europe. Croatia borders on Slovenia , Hungary , Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina .
Administrative divisions: the territory of Croatia is divided into 21 County (Horw. županija-region) and more than 550 communities. Status the County is Zagreb the capital of Croatia.
State and political structure: according to the Constitution, Croatia is a parliamentary Republic. At the same time, the President of the country is elected by direct vote of citizens for 5 years, with a maximum term of office of two mandates.
Population: 4 224 404 people.
National currency: Croatian Kuna (HRK).
GDP: 48.7 billion US dollars.
Time zone: GMT +1.
Phone code: +385.
Bar code: 385
- Croatia has a large number of architectural monuments and natural national parks, including seven monuments included in the UNESCO world heritage list: the Episcopal complex Euphrasia Basilica in the historic centre of poreč (1997), the historical centre of Trogir (1997), the architectural ensemble with Diocletian’s Palace (1979), the old town centre of Dubrovnik (1979), the old Town plains (2008), St. James Cathedral in šibenik (2000), as well as the national Park “Plitvice lakes” (1979).
- Zagreb – the capital of Croatia since 1557, the city was formed as a result of the merger in the XI — XIII centuries.the cities of Kaptol and Hradec. Most of the medieval town has survived to this day. The millennial old Mountain castle is a well-preserved medieval town known as Hradek and Kaptol (upper town), where the presidential Palace, the Croatian Parliament, the Gothic Church of St. Mark, St. Stephen’s Cathedral (1899), museums and galleries are located. Dolni grad (lower town) with its shops, restaurants, cafes, theatres, parks dates back to the XIX century, Zagreb is a city of museums. Here you will find the Strossmayer gallery, the Museum of modern art and one of the finest art galleries in Europe — the Mimar Museum. The city is rich in cultural and theatrical events.
- Dubrovnik — the pearl of the Adriatic, one of the most beautiful cities in the Croatian coast, was founded in the first half of the VII century Independent city-Republic of Dubrovnik (Ragusa), destroyed by Napoleon in 1806, was the center of political and territorial integrity and were proud of their achievements in culture and trade, especially their freedoms. The city walls are surrounded by a well-preserved complex of public, private, religious and secular buildings representing all periods of history since its Foundation. The main street of Stradun, the Prince’s Palace, the Church of St. Vlach, the Cathedral, three large monasteries, the customs office and the city hall are of interest. The old town was restored in the XIII century and has not changed to the present day. The old town area is a UNESCO world heritage site.
- Istria Peninsula-located in the West of the country, on the border with Italy. This is one of the most famous areas of the Adriatic, called for its unique resort opportunities Istrian Riviera. There are such famous sights and tourist opportunities of the city as Rovinj, poreč, Pula.
- Split is the economic and administrative center of Central Dalmatia. The city was founded at the end of the III century ad by the Roman Emperor Diocletian. The old town (III century BC), listed as a UNESCO world heritage site, lies on the South side of the high Peninsula, the Western part of which is occupied by a vast Park. The main attraction of the city is the square fortress of the Diocletian’s Palace (III century) made of white stone, behind the walls of which are the most important historical buildings. Among the museums of split are the Museum of Croatian archaeological monuments, one of the oldest in Croatia Archaeological Museum, the Treasury of the Cathedral of split with a fine collection of religious art, ethnographic Museum, art gallery and others. In split you can visit the Peristyle square, the open dome of the Lobby, the Golden and Silver gates, the Cathedral (VII century) with the sarcophagus of St. duet, the temple of Jupiter, the Gothic Venetian town Hall (XV century) and the Venetian tower (XV century).
- Trogir is located in the center of Dalmatia, on the Eastern coast of the Adriatic sea (27 km from split). Trogir is a real city-Museum, its entire historical center is included in the UNESCO list. The medieval city centre, surrounded by walls, houses a well-preserved castle, a series of Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque houses and palaces. The most famous building of Trogir is the Cathedral of St. Lovro. Studies have shown that the Cathedral was erected on the Foundation of an ancient Basilica destroyed during the invasion of the Saracens in 1123.
- Opatija (Opatija – a city in the North of the Adriatic, on the shore of the Kvarner Bay.
This place became popular among tourists in the 19th century. And it is not surprising: a rare combination of mild climate, beauty of the surrounding nature, historical and cultural riches of the region attracted travelers from all over the world to the resort.
It is here that the Villa, surrounded by olive and oleander trees, loved to spend time aysedora, Gustav Mahler, Wilhelm II, Chekhov..
Due to its natural location, the city has its own special microclimate – the mountain landscape protects the city from sharp sea winds and gives coolness on hot summer days.
Across the country there are numerous medieval castles, including castle Bogensperk near Lithium, Museum Valvasor; the ancient castle, Friedrichstein (XIV century) in Kochevskiy mountain; castles Zuzemberk and Khmelnik (XIII), otočec is a rare example of a water castle, built on an island; one of the most famous and majestic in Croatia Turjanski castle, and around 80 summer residences of the nobility, built in the Renaissance style on the territory of the Dubrovnik Riviera, in the Northern part of the country.
On the territory of Croatia there are seven amazing national parks. Plitvice lakes national Park is included in the UNESCO world heritage list along with Dubrovnik and split. No less interesting is the national Park “Krka” and national parks on coastal Islands — the Brijuni near Pula, Kornati (Kornati) near Zadar and the island of Mljet near Korcula and the mainland parks Paklenica, Risnjak, Biokovo, Velebit, Kopacki RIT and many other conservation areas — suffice it to say that in such a small country is protected by almost 10% of the land area and 1% of the sea